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Lodgepole Pine

Pinus contorta var. latifolia • Rocky Mountain, Black pine

Native

Large tree; can grow up to 30 meters tall. Pinus contorta is considered a hard pine with 2 varieties; lodgepole pine, a tall straight inland tree distributed from Yukon through interior British Columbia, into western Alberta, and southward. The other variety is shore pine, a short scrubby tree confined to a relatively narrow strip along the Pacific coast. It is known to be a highly adaptable tree that can grow in many environments, from water-logged bogs to dry sandy soils.

Leaf

Needles in bundles of 2. 3-7cm long, usually twisted, stiff, very sharp pointed, dark green to yellowish-green, not spread apart; edges sharply toothed. Bundle-sheath persistent.

Fruit/Seed

Short-cylindrical to ovoid, sometimes asymmetrical, 3-6 cm long, purplish-brown, stalkless, at right angles to the branch or pointing back, in small clusters at the nodes, usually closed and on the tree for 10-20 years. Scales thickened at the rips, with a curved prickle, usually help closed by a resin bond; opening when exposed to the heat from wildfire or from direct sunlight. Seed production begins at 5-10 years; good crops every 1-3 years.

Bark

Relatively thin, less than 2 cm thick, orange-brown to gray, with fine scales.

186 Trees

Heritage Tree

{{property.species}} • {{property.city}}

  • Heritage Tree No. {{property.recognition_number}}
  • Age: {{property.tree_age}} years
  • Height: {{property.tree_height}} metres
  • Circumference: {{property.tree_circumference}} centimetres
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