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Western Hemlock

Tsuga heterophylla • Pacific Hemlock


A large tree, usually grows 30 to 50 meters tall. Found along both the east and west sides of the Coast Ranges, from sea level to mid elevations, as well as in the Interior wet belt west of the Rocky Mountains. Western hemlock usually grows with many different tree species. Occasionally, it develops in pure stands after a wind has blown many trees over. Its shallow rooting system makes it susceptible to being blown over by wind as well as being damaged by fire.


Sides parallel, flat, finely toothed, length variable, 5-20 mm, blunt-tipped; upper surface shiny dark green and grooved; whitened beneath with ill-defined lines of white dots on either side of the midvein; needles clearly arranged in 2 ranks, with a few shorter ones on the supper side pressed against the twig.


Ovoid, 20-25 mm long, blunt-tipper, short-stalked, golden brown; scales rectangular, tip rounded, margin smooth or faintly toothed. Cones open in autumn; seeds shed gradually; cones may stay on the tree for 1 or 2 years.


Smooth when young, reddish-brown; becoming darker, deeply furrowed with flat-topped scaly ridges.

186 Trees

Heritage Tree

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  • Heritage Tree No. {{property.recognition_number}}
  • Age: {{property.tree_age}} years
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