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American Chestnut

Castanea dentata

Native

The American chestnut was once a very popular tree species in Southern Ontario but due to a blight disease, it is now considered very rare. Prior to the disease, American chestnuts were known to grow up to 35 meters tall however most surviving trees now grow less then 10 meters tall. It is found on many sites, but most commonly on acidic and well-drained soils.

Leaf

Deciduous, simple, alternate. Leaves yellowish-green and smooth. Oblong and 15-28 cm long. Veins straight, and leaves end in bristle-tipped teeth.

Fruit/Seed

Large brown chestnuts (burs) found in a greenish, prickly husk. Mature in autumn.

Bark

Young bark dark brown and smooth. Mature bark with broad ridges.

Bud/Twig

Twigs are shiny reddish-brown. Buds greenish-brown, hairless, 2-3 scaled.

186 Trees

Heritage Tree

{{property.species}} • {{property.city}}

  • Heritage Tree No. {{property.recognition_number}}
  • Age: {{property.tree_age}} years
  • Height: {{property.tree_height}} metres
  • Circumference: {{property.tree_circumference}} centimetres
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