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Sweet Birch

Betula lenta • Cherry birch

Native

Sweet birch is a medium sized tree, typically growing up to 20 meters tall. It is native to North America and is widespread in the United States, however it is considered a endangered species in Ontario. All sweet birch trees in Ontario (only about 50 mature trees) are located near the shore of Lake Ontario. It is found on moist, well-drained clay loam soil over limestone bedrock. Historically, the main threat to Cherry Birch has been habitat destruction. Development and forest clearing in southern Ontario has caused a decline in suitable habitat for this species.

Leaf

Alternate, simple, deciduous; deep green above and paler beneath, with 9 (or more) straight veins per side, each ending in a large tooth with smaller intervening teeth.

Fruit/Seed

Flat, hairless, 6-12 mm long scales, borne in erect, cone-like, 2-3 cm long catkins

Bark

Young bark shiny deep mahogany-red to blackish, thin, with prominent, horizontal pores; mature bark greyish, tightly curling in papery shreds

186 Trees

Heritage Tree

{{property.species}} • {{property.city}}

  • Heritage Tree No. {{property.recognition_number}}
  • Age: {{property.tree_age}} years
  • Height: {{property.tree_height}} metres
  • Circumference: {{property.tree_circumference}} centimetres
{{property.description}}