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Mountain Paper Birch

Betula cordifolia • Mountain white birch, Eastern paper birch


Mountain Paper Birch is a medium sized tree typically growing up to 25 meters tall. It is found in found in Atlantic Canada, Quebec and northwestern Ontario. It is generally found in northern habitats or high elevations, particularly on moist ground. It has been previously known as a variation of white birch (Betula papyrifera) however the two species have very different characteristics such as the shape of the leaf and their native range.


6-12 cm long, tip taper-pointed, base usually heart-shaped; double-toothed; upper surface dull green, with numerous tiny resin dots; veins 7-9 per side.


Pollen catkins in clusters of 2-4, 2-4 cm long and 3-6 mm wide in winter, up to 10 cm at pollination. Seed catkins 1-2 cm long, often pendulous; stigmas light-colored or transparent.


White or bronze white; separates into several thin layers, copper-colored on the inner surface; peels freely, giving trunk a ragged look. Lenticels up to 70 mm long, average 19 mm.

186 Trees

Heritage Tree

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