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Red Spruce

Picea rubens


Red spruce is a medium-sized conifer, normally growing between 18-40 meters tall. It is native to eastern North America and is the provincial tree of Nova Scotia. The red spruce has seen a decline over the past 50 years and is now relatively rare in Ontario. It can be found in small, isolated stands in the Algonquin Highlands of eastern Ontario with its natural range extending into the Maritime provinces. It can grow in wetlands and dry, rocky woods, but prefers well-drained, acidic soils. Red spruce trees can live for 400 years.


4-sided needles. Yellow-green, curved upwards, fairly short -12–15 mm long.


Male and female cones on same tree. Male cones yellowish-green. Female cones brown or reddish-brown, 3-5 cm long, and oblong. Cones hang at branch tips.


Young bark reddish-brown, shredded. Mature bark reddish-black, thinly scaled. Lower third of tree often without branches.

186 Trees

Heritage Tree

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  • Heritage Tree No. {{property.recognition_number}}
  • Age: {{property.tree_age}} years
  • Height: {{property.tree_height}} metres
  • Circumference: {{property.tree_circumference}} centimetres